Countries across Europe are introducing a new round of coronavirus restrictions. They’re coming either just before Christmas or soon after. Italy is the latest country to announce new measures. Shops, bars and restaurants there will close, and travel between different regions will be banned. Similar precautions are being taken across the continent. Germany is seeing shuttered shops and empty streets, as the country goes into its first weekend of hard lockdown this winter. Austria will follow suit just after Christmas. Non-essential businesses will close on December 26. Austria’s coronavirus infection rate is lower than many of its neighbors, but there are fears that could change. Sweden’s infection rate, on the other hand, has been surging for two months. The Nordic country never imposed a full lockdown, relying instead on voluntary social distancing. But with case numbers going up, non-essential public facilities like pools and libraries will close, and – for the first time – the government is recommending residents wear masks on public transport. Yet the measures remain lax compared to Germany and Austria. Switzerland, too, is headed for lockdown as restaurants are set to close next week. The Swiss government has urged people to stay inside. But it has left at least one decision to local authorities: whether to open ski lifts. This year, skiers will have to add COVID-19 to the long list of alpine hazards. German health departments reported 31,300 new cases on Friday and 702 fatalities related to COVID-19. Over 25-thousand people have now died of the disease in Germany. In France the toll has passed sixty thousand. President Emmanuel Macron is asking people to remain vigilant after he tested positive for COVID-19.